- Algorithms for data visualization- For visualizing the needed information from a pool of random data, strong algorithms are vital to get the desired results.
- Better data mining techniques- Data mining is the process for grabbing data from wide array of platforms. Enhanced distribution of algorithms and crawling techniques are required for scraping data from different platforms.
- Big Data tools and deployment platforms- Traditional tools are not efficient enough for handling Big Data. Lots of researched is required in these fields.
- Natural Language processing methods- you can use NL processing techniques on Big Data for discovering the current sentiment trend and it can be effectively used on finance, politics, business and more.
- Do you know that the tip of the iceberg is social data? As the owner of a website, we are well versed about our visitors, but not about the psychographic data and social networks. For this reason, brands require better understand about the interests of their visitors and why. When you do so and integrate it with analytics and heat maps, it will ensure better conversation. So, it forms an exceptional topic for your research.
- Improving data analytics techniques- This research involves gathering all data, filtering them out on particular constraints and using them for taking confident decisions.
- Development of extremely high performing, convex clustering algorithms that can run in parallel on distributed architectures.
- You can even choose a kernel level implementation of Hadoop- why is the distributed file system at the application layer?
- Development of languages such as Julia that can effectively run in a VM and yet permit access to high performing BLAS routines.
- You can also choose to understand and measure data about ourselves. Just similar to us tracking our burnt calories, steps and sleep, automation for tips and recommendations will be awesome. For instance, a person may be tracking their sleep for years, but the application does not provide them any suggestion about how to improve their sleep. This is an extremely interesting topic to research.
- You can also choose personalization as your topic. When you have the data, it will help the brands in doing an exceptional job with advertising and retargeting!
Are you planning to do PhD in Big Data? Let us discuss some of the vital latest research fields where Big Data is involved and know the interesting areas of research:
International supervisors for PhD students can be present as both, a boon as well as a disadvantage. PhD candidates, who are pursuing their degree from a university that boasts of a number of International faculties, may get this International staff as their PhD guides and supervisors.
The role of a PhD Supervisor is extremely substantial for a streamlined process of thesis writing as well as achieving ultimate success by drafting a well written, well researched and good quality thesis. This makes it a prerequisite for any PhD aspirant to maintain harmonious relations with their supervisors.
However, various issues arise when we consider International PhD Supervisors in specific:
While writing your dissertation, it is essential to refer books, journals and research work done by different authors, but your work should be unique and not a copy. It is essential to keep your work original and ethical to secure good grade and have a good reputation in the academic world. Here are three tips on how to avoid plagiarism in your dissertation.
Express Your Thoughts
Select good reference books by authors who have extensively worked on the subject, read and understand the concept before you start writing your dissertation. You cannot get away from plagiarism by merely rephrasing the sentences and claiming it your work. Moreover, when you rephrase, there is a risk of misrepresentation of the concept. Thus, the best way to avoid plagiarism is to grasp the idea and summarize in your words.
Maintain a Bibliography
The bibliography is the list of books and other scholarly articles referred while writing any assignment. While you are collecting the material for your dissertation, remember to collect the name of books along with details like author, year of publication, chapter number or chapter name as well as title of the article. Different institutes have different standards for maintaining the bibliography, read properly the instruction before you start writing.
Quotation and Citation of Others Work
If you have to use the exact word of another author or even your own work, use quotation marks. While quoting, make sure to use the exact same words and give the due credit to the author by citing the source as specified by your institution. Try to avoid quoting too many sentences, it is best to keep the quotes within 40 words. As many evaluators don't prefer quotation.
Apart from these indigenous methods you can check your content for originality from the online plagiarism checker like http://smallseotools.com/plagiarism-checker/ or use paid service a complete package from plagiarismremoval.in/ and many more.
Before submitting your dissertation you should check your paper for misspellings, grammatical errors and unintentional mistakes. Silly and trivial errors make it an incoherent reading and bring down your dissertation grades. Getting a fresh pair of eyes of an expert or a scholar to proofread is the best way to make your dissertation error free. But, sometimes you don't find an expert who will invest time in proofreading your work. Proofreading your own work is a difficult practice, but by following the below mentioned tips, you can significantly reduce the errors from your dissertation.
Use digital text editors
We live in the digital world, where information technology has provided various tools with artificial intelligence to solve our problems. There are many digital text editors available which are equipped with grammar correction and spell check tools. You can use them to highlight the errors and get suggestions. But, tools are tools, they are not perfect. So when you use these tools you need to apply your own understanding of the language and subject before accepting the suggestions offered. Alternatively, you can use the spell check and grammar correction option available in the Pages for iOS and in word for windows operating system. But they have limited options as compared to the other softwares.
Read the document with a fresh mind
You tend to oversee the mistakes and your mind fills in the gaps as you are aware of the concepts and ideas. After you have completed the dissertation, take a break and read it with a fresh mind. You will be able to spot many mistakes that you missed while you were writing.
Read it aloud.
You can spot the mistake when you hear rather than when you read a text. Once you have completed the dissertation, read your dissertation aloud, you will be able to tell where you have missed the punctuations and misspelled.
The key to writing an effective dissertation is to demonstrate a comprehensive knowledge of the chosen topics, make a list of your research notes and start writing. You may come across major portions that might require further research, so be ready to revisit the library. The focal point is to maintain a lucid style of writing that can effectively communicate your ideas. Remember, a well-researched and elaborately planned dissertation can be marred by unclear phrasing and poorly expressed ideas.
Focus on the key points for writing a potential thesis.
Find your own Style
Seek an impactful style of writing by researching a number of scholarly articles and pick up the one which is easy to read and understand. Follow the structure, study through the arguments and garner examples of punctuation and vocabulary. Use subheadings in between and tweak the content for readers’ better understanding. Most importantly, avoid repetition and be straightforward in expressing your views.
Structure sentences properly
Distinguish the more important key points than the lesser ones. Highlight the key points by adding sentences that are not too long and difficult to understand. Keep the sentences short, simple, and yet they are potent to present the meaning that your want to convey in to the readers.
Yes, a dissertation should contain your original thought, but do refer ideas of others to make your statement more emphatic and reliable. You can use work of others to leverage your arguments, but add a footnote to indicate the original source of the idea as well.
Write Introduction later
Once you reach the conclusion part of your thesis you have an idea of the arguments and the points you made in your research. This will help you write the ‘Introduction’ once you reach the last stage of work.
The Perfect Bibliography
Mention the articles, books, interviews, newspapers, train timetables, cave paintings, statistics that were used as primary sources. In addition to it, do quote secondary sources as well.
Thus, make it an error-free and perfect study proposal by following the above points.
Writing a dissertation can be extremely difficult for those students, who do not have the habit of clearly penning their thoughts on paper. However, you cannot get through university without writing a research work of some sort. It is important to hone your writing skills, especially when you have to write a dissertation as a requirement for a postgraduate degree. Here is how you can eliminate the pain from the dissertation writing process.
Select an original topic
Think of an original and a viable topic that covers your specific field of study. This is how the process of writing a dissertation begins. Once your topic has been approved, it implies that you would have to go ahead with writing the dissertation. The main reason why writing a dissertation is important is because you should either be able to get a degree and a job after it or you should be able to study further after obtaining your degree.
Hone your writing skills
Many of the writers of dissertations find it difficult to complete their research because of their poor writing skills. However, it is not necessary that everyone needs to be a literary genius in order to come up with a decent dissertation these days. All you need to do is to put in some efforts and time to come up with an initial draft of the dissertation.
While writing your dissertation, make sure you make notations in your research work. Once you are certain that you have gathered enough research materials, you can begin writing your initial draft of the dissertation. You could make up the initial draft based on the materials you have already gathered. After this, you will have a basic idea of what needs to be done for the rest of the dissertation. If you do not have enough materials to go ahead and write the dissertation, then you should consider collecting them and completing your dissertation.
It takes a lot of meticulous planning and time to write one’s dissertation. Many students do not even have an idea of how to write their dissertations and end up writing dissertations that are of a very poor quality. Here are certain tips on improving your dissertation writing style.
No matter what you do, you should develop an interest in it. You should not write such that it would give your reader an impression that you wrote the dissertation for the sake of writing it. Interest is a major factor that reflects in your writing. When you do the task with interest, it is likely to become an enjoyable one.
Choose a Title
It is important to select a title that will give your readers a basic idea of what the research is on. It should be so attractive that it would automatically grab a few eyeballs. You should, however, remember that the title you have selected should neither be too long nor too short, but just right.
You need to have an in depth knowledge of the topic you have undertaken for your study. It should align with the topic of your interest. Do not add details that are unnecessary for the sake of making it long. The dissertation should be written in such a way that your supervisor understands it easily. It should reflect on your competence.
Error free copy
You should make sure that your dissertation does not have any kind of errors. It should be free of punctuation and grammatical errors. A dissertation that has been written poorly will make a bad impression on your supervisor. This would result in a loss of marks. If you make too many mistakes, it can result in a poor quality or a weakly presented dissertation.
A literature review is a thorough summary of your dissertation as well as a study of the original research done on the subject you have chosen. It is a highly objective and critical analysis of the available research literature on the topic that is being researched on. Here is how you have to write an effective literature review for your dissertation proposal.
Select a Good Topic
It can be a daunting task to select a good topic for your literature review. A common error by those who are novice reviewers is that they select a review title that is all encompassing. Even though this may be an initially useful strategy, this much literature would eventually make the literature review impractical at the end of the day. It is, therefore, advisable to not use too many books in the literature review. For instance, you would need to concentrate on the amount of information that is truly necessary in order to make the data you have gathered manageable. Identifying what is of interest to you will help you narrow down or refine the literature.
Search the Literature
After you have selected the topic, it is important to search for literature. You should define the type of source while searching for the literature. While searching for literature, you should also mention the keywords with which you did the search.
Synthesize the Literature
When you have finished collecting the literature, you should consider analyzing and synthesizing it. You should learn to summarize the literature you have collected and review them in a paragraph of three hundred to five hundred words. You must then structure the review and then write it accordingly. The key to writing a good literature review is the ability to present it very well. Write your own reaction to each piece that you are reviewing. Reactions include those things that strike you as being particularly useful.
Transitory years have changed a lot in the process and presentation of PhD. It has become much more specific and task ridden within a decade. Thus the illusion of research scholars regarding their blasé PhD falls on a drowning trail. At present, if you want to score good marks and gain knowledge in your doctorate journey, you have to be proactive and diligent too. Undoubtedly, a good PhD thesis requires comprehensive theoretical content, real and firsthand data’s, an allied research methodology and interpretation of result in the conclusion. You being meticulous and professional can frame your thesis by following all the above contexts very well. Your task can become even easier if you may follow underneath mentioned points-
When you document your research in the form of a thesis or dissertation, it becomes important to present the entire information, ideas and arguments in a meaningful manner. If there are linguistic or stylistic flaws in your work, then it will not be easier to read and comprehend. Your readers may find it really annoying to see grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors here and there within your text.
Linguistic and formatting flaws in your content not only spoil the readability and presentation of your work, but also create a negative impression on your target readers from the faculty who would be evaluating your project. Even if you work hard on your research, it can all be spoiled by a few errors left in your document. Thus, it is critical that you edit your work or get it professionally reviewed.
While it is important that the language and format remains flawless in your dissertation or thesis, it is also significant that you follow the right styles of writing and documentation. Your entire work can go to waste in case there are errors in your citation or referencing style. In such a scenario, you should stringently follow the styles that have been recommended by your college or university. Further, it is important that you make your document clear, concise and logical by structuring your content in a relevant manner.
If there are broken sentences or incorrect sentence structures, then the entire content may not be interwoven effectively. This can even alter the meaning of your text. Apart from this, your work should have consistent a use of formats, fonts, headers, notes, etc. Inconsistent and unaligned content can also disturb the look and feel of your entire document. Thus, reviewing all these types of errors and correcting them can lead to an effective and impressive document that can help you score better.